The Internet of Things crosses all verticals including, but not limited to, Retail, Oil & Gas, Manufacturing, Energy and Healthcare. IoT enables enterprises to track, manage, share data, increase productivity and your ROI. In this blog, I will discuss the main components of the IoT ecosystem along with the layers in each component.
Main components of the IoT ecosystem:
HARDWARE – Physical Layer
Ø Data Storage
CONNECTIVITY – Network Layer
Ø SIM (APN, Single SIM)
MANAGEMENT – Application Layer
Ø Data Analytics
Now, let’s discuss the layers within each of our components to see what role they play in the IoT ecosystem beginning with Hardware. Hardware is the physical layer. It is the object used to control and monitor your IoT application.
Some examples of Hardware within specific industries include:
· Oil & Gas. Wells, Compressors, Drilling Rigs
· Retail. Smart Signage/Digital Displays (maps)
· Agriculture. Tractors, Weather Station Devices
· HVAC. Air conditioners, Heaters, Thermostats
· Healthcare. Ingestible Sensors in Pills, Patient Smart Watches
So, now that we have an understanding about the hardware, we are onto Connectivity, the network layer.
Connectivity is the network of devices that allows you to connect, interact and share data. Your gateway can be the physical device or in this case the software that connects the cloud, controllers and sensors. All data must go through the gateway and move to the cloud. The data from each device is sent to the cloud, where it is combined with data from other devices and processed.
IoT SIM cards known as M2M SIMS provide the connectivity to automate processes. Automation not only saves money but alleviates human error. If a piece of hardware stops working or is malfunctioning, an automated alert goes out to the right contact department to address and resolve the issue at hand.
Access Point Name (APN) is an identifier for access to data on a mobile network. Why do you need it? An APN is needed for your carrier in order to determine what kind of network connection needs to be created, which IP addresses should be applied to the device that will then be connected to your private network. There are two parts: Network ID and the Operator ID. The Network ID is a portion of the TCP/IP address that is used to identify devices on a network while the Operator ID is a 12-digit number beginning with OP that identifies the user.
Wireless Analytics partners with Webbing an innovative mobile carrier, that streamlines your IoT deployment with a Single SIM that connects everything. Webbing gives your business global coverage with over 600 mobile carriers all under one contract with impeccable service delivery, control and monitoring capabilities. Why is it important to have a single Global SIM? A Single Global SIM allows your device to connect to the strongest network available that has the best signal strength.
Management – Application Layer. The role of the cloud in IoT ensures that your data will not stream through the internet but go directly to the cloud where it will ready to use. The cloud is the hub which holds all your data from your connected devices. The data captured will provide visibility into how your users interact with your products, services or applications.
There are 3 types of analytics that can be manipulated from captured data:
Ø Descriptive Analytics. Tells you what is happening with your connected devices. It does not dive into the causes of device behavior but just looks at the facts received from devices such as the runtime of each device.
Ø Predictive Analytics. Will determine how well your connected device is doing including when maintenance is needed. A simple way of thinking about this is your car battery. On your vehicle dashboard the battery light will go on indicating that your battery is malfunctioning or that the pre-set voltage needed for your battery to work is not working to its full capacity. If your car battery dies, you bring it in to get serviced. You may need to wait for the mechanic to order the battery needed, place it in your vehicle, rent a vehicle until your car is fixed etc. The same idea comes into play regarding the maintenance of your IoT connected devices. If you wait until the device is “down”, you not only lose time, you lose money in the process until it is fixed. Assets in the Oil & Gas industry include offshore pumping stations, compressors, and drilling rigs. Monitoring the health of your assets especially when they are located offshore is essential. One day lost due to the malfunction of an asset can cost an exorbitant amount of time and money.
Let’s go one step further to see what other insights can be gathered using Predictive Analytics. In the Retail industry, algorithms can be used to track user transaction history, products, consumer trends, geographic location, and time of year (to name a few) that can help your company make predictions and provide insight to understand what is going on in real-time as well as understand where you need to make improvements, which directly leads us to our next Analytics which is Prescriptive Analytics.
Ø Prescriptive Analytics. The predictions captured in your Predictive Analytics are made to be
actionable within Prescriptive Analytics. The goal is to review the data to improve, enhance, decrease
cost and increase productivity for your business.
Another layer within the Management component is Security. Security is an essential piece of the puzzle. Network Security, Data Encryption, and Device Firmware are the most important aspects in IoT security to ensure the data captured from your network interface is safe from a breach.
The IoT Ecosystem is complex with many components and layers. Understanding what role each component and layer means in the world of IoT is essential in order to play within the IoT landscape! To ensure the success of your IoT deployment is to create a solid IoT Strategy!
Webbing is a global connectivity provider offering services in the Internet of Things and Enterprise Mobility Space. As an innovative mobile carrier, Webbing provides an unmatchable enterprise grade solution for Fortune 500 & IoT/M2M companies, as well as an embedded solution for various manufacturers across the globe, to ensure a secured and continuous Internet connection for all devices, no matter where they are in the world. Contact @Tiffany Wolf (LinkedIn) firstname.lastname@example.org to learn how we can bridge your connectivity gap today!
Wireless Analytics provides mobile management solutions for mid-to-large size enterprises. In the face of constant change, we realize it’s increasingly difficult for organizations to manage their mobility initiatives such as asset inventories, carrier contracts, invoice audits and rate plan optimizations. As we now know, Mobile devices are the conduit for IoT integration and play a central role in IoT landscape. Wireless Analytics takes on the role of a system integrator, assisting you in managing all aspects of your wireless connectivity for mobile deployments in an IoT environment. Simply put -- we help bring IoT products to market. Contact @Alex Mordach (LinkedIn) email@example.com today to learn how!